Well now you do. Hopefully that will come in handy some day if you are ever on Jeopardy! Below is some information on Diabetes in pets.
What is diabetes mellitus?
Diabetes mellitus, commonly called “sugar diabetes” or just “diabetes,” is a disease caused by failure of the pancreas to produce adequate amounts of insulin and regulate blood sugar.
What are the symptoms?
Here are the 4 clinical symptoms for diabetes in dogs and cats:
- Weight loss
- Increased water consumption
- Ravenous appetite
- Increased urination
Not all of these signs are readily seen in every diabetic pet, but we expect that you will have seen at least two of them.
How is diabetes diagnosed?
The four clinical signs of diabetes are also present in other diseases. Therefore, clinical signs alone are not sufficient to make a diagnosis. The two most important laboratory tests are the blood glucose level and a urinalysis. The normal blood glucose level is 80-120 mg/dL (4.4-6.6 mmol/L). Diabetic pets often have levels over 400 (22), or even 600 mg/dL (33 mmol/L). Diabetic pets also have glucose present in the urine. The combination of these two findings in a pet with at least two of the clinical signs of diabetes is sufficient evidence to make a diagnosis of diabetes.
What is involved in treatment?
Consistency is vital to proper management of the diabetic pet. Your pet needs consistent administration of medication, consistent feeding, and a stable, stress-free lifestyle. Each pet is unique and will have a treatment plan specially formulated to fit their individual needs.
If you have any questions or concerns, do not hesitate to contact one of our trained team members today!